Main Body

Bibliography and Further Readings

This first set of readings are recommended as the next step in reading if you are interested in communication ethics:

Arnett, R. C. (2008). Pointing the way to communication ethics theory: The life-giving gift of acknowledgement. Review of Communication. 8(1), 21-28.

Arnett, R. C., Bell, L. M., & Fritz, J. M. H. (2010). Dialogic learning as first principle in communication ethics. Atlantic Journal of Communication. 18, 111-126.

Gehrke, P. J. (2010). Being for the Other-to-the-Other: Justice and Communication in Levinasian Ethics. Review of Communication. 10(1). 5-19.

Gehrke, P. J. (2002). Turning Kant Against the Priority of Autonomy: Communication Ethics and the Duty to Community. Philosophy & Rhetoric. 35(1). 1-21.

Karolak, H. (2015). Philosophy of communication ethics: Scholarship beyond the one and the Other. Review of Communication, 15(4), 316-3313.

Lazaroiu, G. (2011). The language of journalism ethics. Linguistics and Philosophical Investigations, 10, 162-168.

Meisenbach, R. J. (2017). Integrating ethics and responsibility into organizational Communication research: Issues and new directions. Management Communication Quarterly, 31(1), 146-152.

Paquette, M., Sommerfeldta, E. J., & Kent, M. L. (2014). Do the ends justify the means? Dialogue, development communication, and deontological ethics. Public Relations Review.

Ramsey, R. E., (2016). Ethics from the edge: A sketch of precarity from a philosophy of Communication. Atlantic Journal of Communication. 24(1), 31-39.

This next set of readings are more generalized, though there may be some overlap with the list above:

Andersen, K. E. (2000). Development in communication ethics: The ethics commission, code of professional responsibilities, code for ethical communication. Journal of the Association for Communication Administration, 29, 131-144.

Andersen, K. E. (2005). The Carroll C. Arnold Distinguished Lecture 2003: Recovering the Civic Culture: The imperative of ethical communication. Pearson Education.

Arneson, P. (Ed.) (2007). Exploring communication ethics: Interviews with influential scholars in the field. Peter Lang.

Arnett, R. C., Fritz, J. M. H., & Bell, L. M. (2009). Communication ethics literacy: Dialogue and difference. Sage.

Arnett, R. C., Holba, A. M., & Mancino, S. (2018). Encyclopedia of communication ethics: Goods in Contention. Peter Lang.

Barry, B. E., & Ohland, M. W. (2009). Applied ethics in the engineering, health, business, and law professions: A comparison. Journal of Engineering Education, 98, 377-388.

Bloom, P. (2013). Just babies: The origins of good and evil. Crown Publishers.

Bracci, S. L., & Christians, C. G. (Eds.). (2002). Moral engagement in public life: Theorists for contemporary ethics. Peter Lang.

Brown, L. S., & Amankwah, J. (2010). Teaching communication ethics: Praxis of mindfulness and dialogue, driven by the notion of serendipity. Journal of Border Educational Research, 8, 3-19.

Chappell, T. & Crisp, R. (1998). “Utilitarianism.” In E. Craig (Ed.) Routledge encyclopedia of philosophy. Vol. 9. (pp. 551-557). Routledge.

Christensen, L. J., Peirce, E., Hartman, L. P., Hoffman, W. M., & Carrier, J. (2007). Ethics, CSR, and sustainability education in the Financial Times top 50 global business schools: Baseline data and future research directions. Journal of Business Ethics, 73, 347-368.

Christians, C. G. (1977). Fifty years of scholarship in media ethics. Journal of Communication, 27, 19-29.

Christians, C. G. (2008). Media ethics in education. Journalism and Communication Monographs, 9, 179-221.

Christians, C. G., & Lambeth, E. B. (1996). The status of ethics instruction in communication departments. Communication Education, 45, 236-243.

Christians, C., G., & Traber, M. (Eds.) (1997). Communication ethics and universal values. Sage.

Davis, M. (1999). Ethics and the university. Routledge.

Fassett, D. L., & Warren, J.T. (2007). Critical communication pedagogy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fortner, R., & Fackler, M., Eds. (2010). Ethics and evil in the public sphere: Media, universal values and global development: Essays in honor of Clifford G. Christians. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed (M.B. Ramos, Trans.). New York: Continuum. (Original work published 1970).

Gehrke, P.J. (2009). The ethics and politics of speech: Communication and rhetoric in the twentieth century. Southern Illinois UP.

Giroux, H.A. (2012). Twilight of the social: Resurgent publics in the age of disposability. Paradigm.

Goldie, J. (2000). Review of ethics curricula in undergraduate medical education. Medical Education, 34, 108-119.

Groom, S. A., & Fritz, J. H. (Eds.) (2012). Communication ethics and crisis. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Habermas, J. (1984). Communication and the evolution of society, Vol. I: Reason and the rationalization of society. (T. McCarthy, Trans.)  Beacon Press.

Haidt, J.  (2008). Morality. Perspectives on psychological science 3, 65-72.

Hamelink, C.J. (2000). The ethics of cyberspace. Sage.

Hoffman, M. L. (2001). Empathy and moral development: Implications for caring and justice. Cambridge University Press.

Holba, A. M. (2021). Philosophy of Communication Inquiry: An Introduction. Cognella.

Hyde, M. (2006). The life-giving gift of acknowledgment. Purdue University Press.

Jaksa, J. A., & Pritchard, M. S. (1994). Communication ethics: Methods of analysis (2nd ed.). Wadsworth.

Johannesen, R. L., Valde, K. S., & Whebee, K. E. (2008). Ethics in human communication (6th ed.). Waveland Press.

Jovanovic, S. (2014). The ethics of teaching communication activism. In L. R. Frey & D. L. Palmer (Eds.), Teaching communication activism: Communication education for social justice (pp. 105-138). Hampton.

Jovanovic, S., & Wood, R. V. (2006). Communication ethics and ethical culture: A study of the ethics initiative in Denver city government. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 34 (4), 386-405.

Jovanovic, S., & Wood, R. V. (2004). Speaking from the bedrock of ethics. Philosophy & Rhetoric, 37, 317-334.

Lane, S. D., Abigail, R. A., and Gooch, J. (2014) Communication in a Civil Society. Pearson.

Lind, R. A. (1996). Care and justice in audience evaluations of ethics in TV news. Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 11, 82-94.

Lind, R. A. (1997). Ethical sensitivity in viewer evaluations of a TV news investigative report.  Human Communication Research, 23, 535-61.

Lind, R. A., & Rarick, D. L. (1992). Public attention toward ethical issues in TV programming:  multiple viewer orientations.  Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 7, 133-50.

Lind. R. A., & Rarick, D. L. (1995). Assessing ethical sensitivity in television news viewers:  a preliminary investigation.  Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 10 (2), 69-82.

Lind, R. A., & Swenson-Lepper, T. (2007).  Sensitivity to research misconduct: A conceptual model.  Medicine and Law, 26(3), 585-598.

Lind, R. A., Swenson-Lepper, T., & Rarick, D. L. (2011, April).  Ethics in media education: How attention to ethical issues can increase students’ ethical sensitivity. Presented at the Research Symposium of the Broadcast Education Association, Las Vegas, NV.

Lind, R. A., & Swenson-Lepper, T. (2013).  Measuring sensitivity to conflicts of interest:  A preliminary test of methods.  Science and Engineering Ethics, 19(1), 43-62.

Lind, R. A., Swenson-Lepper, T., Rarick, D. L. (1998).  Identifying patterns of ethical sensitivity in TV news viewers:  An assessment of some critical viewing skills.  Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 42(4), 507-519.

Lollar, K. (2013). Dialogic ethics: Leadership and the face of the other. Journal of the Association for Communication Administration, 32, 1-2, 15-28.

Kant, I. (1993). Grounding the metaphysics of morals. (J. W. Ellington, Trans.). Hackett. (Original work published in 1785).

Kant, I. (1965). Critique of pure reason (P. Guyer & A. W. Wood, Eds.). Cambridge University Press. (original work published in 1781).

Makau, J. M. & Arnett, R. C. (Eds.) (1997). Communication ethics in an age of diversity. University of Illinois Press.

Makau, J.M., & Marty, D.L. (2013). Dialogue and Deliberation. Waveland Press.

Mayo, B. (1986). The philosophy of right and wrong. Routledge.

McDonald, G. M. (2004). A case example: Integrating ethics into the academic business curriculum. Journal of Business Ethics, 54, 371-384.

Mill, J. S. (1859/1947).  On liberty. A. Castell (Ed.) Northbrook, IL: AHM Publishing.

Mill, J. S. (1863/1991). Utilitarianism. Prometheus Books.

Moore, S. L. (2008). Nailing mud: A practical approach to ethics for institutions of higher education. New Directions for Higher Education, 142, 1-7.

National Communication Association (1999).Credo for ethical communication. Retrieved January 8, 2022, from

Neher, W.W., & Sandin, P.J. (2007). Communicating ethically: Character, duties, consequences and relationships. Allyn and Bacon.

Nussbaum, M.C. (1999) Why practice needs ethical theory: Particularism, principle and bad behavior.  In S.J. Burton (Ed.) The path of law and its influence: The legacy of Oliver Wendall Homes, Jr. (pp. 50-86). Cambridge University Press.

Ozar, D. T. (2001). Learning outcomes for ethics across the curriculum programs. Teaching Ethics, 2, 1-27.

Park, M., Kjervik, D., Crandell, J., & Oermann, M. H. (2012). The relationship of ethics education to moral sensitivity and moral reasoning skills of nursing students. Nursing Ethics, 19, 568-580.

Parry-Giles, S., & Parry-Giles, T. (1009) Public Address and Moral Judgment: Critical studies in ethical tensions. Michigan State University Press.

Pieper, J. (1966/20074). Four cardinal virtues. St. Augustine Press.

Plato.  (1961a). “Gorgias.” W.D. Woodhead (Trans). In E. Hamilton and H. Cairns (Eds.), Plato: The Collected Dialogues, Including the Letters. (pp. 229-307). Bollingen Series LXXI. Princeton University Press.

Plato. (1961b). “Phaedrus.” R. Hackforth (Trans). In E. Hamilton & H. Cairns (Eds.), Plato: The Collected Dialogues, Including the Letters. (pp. 475-525). Bollingen Series LXXI. Princeton University Press.

Purpel, D. E. (1999). Moral outrage in education. Peter Lang.

Rest, J., Naraez, D., Bebeau, M. J. & Thomas, S. J. (1999). Postconventional moral thinking: A neo-Kohlbergian approach. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.

Simpson, J. S. (2014). Communication activism pedagogy: Theoretical frameworks, central concepts, and challenges.  In L.R. Frey & D.L. Palmer (Eds.), Teaching communication activism: Communication education for social justice (pp. 77-103). Hampton.

Stewart, L. (Ed.). (1996/1997). Communication and ethics: Parts 1 and 2. Electronic Journal of Communication, 6(4) & 7(1), (Special Issues)

Swartz, O., Campbell, K. & Pestana, C. (2009). Neo-pragmatism, communication, and the culture of creative democracy. Peter Lang.

Swenson Lepper, T., Leavitt, M. A., Hoffer, M., Charron, L., Ballard, R. L., Bell McManus, L. M., Holba, A., Jovanovic, S., & Tompkins, P. S. Communication ethics in the communication curriculum: United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico. Communication Education. 64(4), 472-490.

Swenson-Lepper, T., Ballard, B., Bell McManus, L., Charron, L. J. N., Hoffer, M., Holba, A. M., Jovanovic, S., Leavitt, M. A., & Tompkins, P. S. (2013, November 21). State of the art: Current practices of teaching communication ethics. Competitively accepted panel presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24, 2013.

Tompkins, P. S. (2011). Practicing communication ethics: Development, discernment and decision making. Pearson.

Tompkins, P. S. (2009). Rhetorical listening and moral sensitivity. International Journal of Listening. 23(1), 60-79.

Tompkins, P. S., Holba, A. M., Ballard, R. L., Charron, L. J. N., Cook, M. A., Jovanovic, S., & Vélez, M. (2011, November). Teaching communication ethics: The classroom, curriculum, and the public sphere. Competitively accepted panel presentation presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, New Orleans, LA.

Zimbardo, P. (2007). The Lucifer effect: Understanding how good people turn evil. Random.




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